Those who are into brewing beer at home would find it quite a fun and educational experience. Know that there are several ways a home brewer can produce his or her own home brewed beer, and know also that there are basic ingredients that you must know and include as you home brew your beer. Malt, hops, yeast, sugars and water are the basic ingredients when you home brew beer.
Let us start with the first most basic ingredient in homebrewing which is malt of which the most commonly used is barley malt. Corn and rice are other considerations of ingredients that can be added to home brewed beer but these are considered just supplementary and not essentials. There are two different types of barley malt that you should know, and these are 2-row malt and 6-row malt, where the larger grains and less husk is the 2-row malt.
The malting process starts as you steep the grains until the grains are in germination mode, and then quickly dry them. As the home brewing process, the enzymes, which changes starches to sugars, will start to move as steeping or mash starts.
Let us take up the second ingredient which is the hops, and this one is responsible for the flavors, aromas and bitterness of the beer that we have been tasting for all these 1,000 years. As the home brewing process in undergoing, these hops act as the balancing factor because of the special oils that they released during the process. There are different levels of acidity of hops, and these can be bought in pellet, leaf or whole hop forms.
The next ingredient is yeast and know that there are two kinds of yeast to be used in home brewing, and these are the ale and lager yeasts. The main differences out of the two yeasts will be shown with the characteristics they provide to the end product of your home brewed beer. With the ale yeasts, your end product is much more floral in aroma and much easier to handle during the fermentation stage, according to experienced brewers. The lager yeast can also provide the floral aroma same as the ale yeast, although it needs much lower temperatures for its fermentation stage.
For home brewers, be aware that most yeasts are manufactured commercially, and can be bought in liquid or dry form.
Another important ingredient that can affect the outcome of your product is water. Be aware that water can come in different contents, like water in some areas may have more mineral than the water in another place, of which would affect that style of beers.
The next ingredient, sugar, is another item that home brewers should know as to how much it can affect the alcohol level and taste of their beers.